Search this site

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Depression

Stephen M. Raffle, M.D.

Tel. 415.461.4845

Contact us

Curriculum Vitae

By Stephen M. Raffle, M.D.

Health Day, “Major Depression Often Follows Brain Injury,” By Amanda Gardner, May 18, 2010

“Patients…are at 8 times the risk after head trauma, study finds…In this study of 559 patients with traumatic brain injury, more than half (53.1 percent) also endured major depressive disorder at some point during the study follow-up.”…read the complete article at

“In the year following a traumatic brain injury, roughly half of survivors likely experience a bout of clinical depression…says a study published Tuesday [5/18/10] in The Journal of the American Medical Assn.….reported significantly more pain, greater mobility problems and more difficulty carrying out their usual responsibilities than those who were not plagued by post-injury depression…”
… shots

Reuters, “Major Depression Common After Brain Injury,” By Rachael Myers Lowe, May 18, 2010

“Severe depression within the first year of a traumatic brain injury [TBI] is common but treatment is not,  Washington State Researchers Report.”… 

Research Referenced (in all articles) from: The Journal of the American Medical Association: “Rates of Major Depressive Disorder and Clinical Outcomes Following Traumatic Brain Injury.” By Bombardier, Fann,  Temkin, Esselman, Barber, and Dikmen, JAMA. 2010;303(19):1938-1945.

DISCLAIMER: The information provided on this website does not constitute legal or medical advice. Readers should consult with their own legal counsel or physician for the most current information and to obtain professional legal advice or medical advice before acting on any of the information presented.

© 2008-2016 Stephen M. Raffle, M.D. & Associates - - Forensic Psychiatry